The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a federal independent executive agency tasked with protecting the environment. President Richard Nixon proposed the creation of the agency on July 9, 1970, and it officially began operating on December 2, 1970. The EPA's executive order became law and Nixon took office the same year. The EPA oversees pollution, air quality, and other environmental issues. Here are some facts about the EPA and its mission.
The EPA has developed several plans that outline its actions in response to emergencies. The EPA has also developed a manual for state and local governments that outlines its actions in the event of a radiological incident. The 2017 edition of this manual has been revised and updated. In addition to this, the agency is currently working on a comprehensive national plan to coordinate the protection of critical infrastructure. This includes drinking water systems. Therefore, EPA is required to develop, implement, and support these plans.
The EPA oversees dozens of grant programs and projects that aim to improve the quality of air in the United States. EPA grants are available to local and state governments, as well as nonprofits. The agency's Office of Research and Development has responsibility for scientific research on environmental issues. Through this research, the agency aims to find solutions to environmental issues. Using these findings, the EPA works to educate local and state governments to ensure that their policies and operations are in line with their goals.